Artichoke Leaf Extract Powder

  • Historians have verified that artichokes descended from wild cardoons.
  • While the wild variety was consumed in ancient times, modern artichokes, as we know them today, first appeared during the Middle Ages.
  • The plant was introduced to America by European settlers.
  • Artichoke leaf is an herbal medicine that has been utilized for thousands of years and contains antioxidant properties... More Info

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The globe artichoke is a variety of a species of the thistle family that has been cultivated as a food. The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom.

Historians have verified that artichokes descended from wild cardoons. While the wild variety was consumed in ancient times, modern artichokes as we know them today, first appeared during the Middle Ages. The plant was introduced to America by European settlers. Artichoke leaf is an herbal medicine that has been utilized for thousands of years and contains antioxidant properties.

Artichoke leaf extracts have demonstrated their possible ability to support the elimination channels of the body. This in turn would allow the body to work more efficiently in possibly preventing the buildup of mold, bacteria and yeast. In vitro studies have isolated a variety of antioxidant compounds from the globe artichoke, significant antioxidant activity has been documented in various preclinical studies. Researchers have also observed an increase in the presence of probiotic strains in inoculated volunteers, suggesting that not only do artichokes serve as an effective vehicle for delivery of probiotics but also may contain substances such as inulin, which may support growth of probiotic strains. Most importantly, artichokes were shown to possibly aid probiotic bacterial strains during simulated gastric and intestinal digestion.

Artichoke extract may possibly offer an additional degree of cardiovascular support via its overall healthy supportive effect on endothelial function. It may support the body's healthy stimulation of bile secretion; and it has been suggested that reduction of intrahepatic cholesterol concentration is responsible for globe artichoke extracts ability to possibly reduce upset stomach. As to the scientifically purported cholesterol lowering effects, in vitro and animal studies report that cynarin and artichoke extracts may show promise in supporting healthy lipid levels, anti-hepatotoxic and hepatoprotective properties against a variety of toxins affecting the liver. Our Artichoke Leaf Extract Powder is a 5% extract (10:1 ratio) meaning each serving contains a 5% concentration of Cynarine.

Some possible traditional uses of Artichoke Leaf Extract Powder may include:

  • May help to ease upset stomach (dyspepsia) or digestive tract
  • May help relieve flatulence
  • May support intestinal health
  • May support healthy liver function
  • May support urination as a diuretic
  • May support healthy gallbladder function
  • May support beneficial bacteria and flora in the intestinal tract
  • May support healthy lipid levels and cardiovascular health

Constituents of Artichoke Leaf include:

  • Minerals: Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium

  • Vitamins: Vitamin C, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid, Vitamin B-6, Folate, Choline, Betaine, Vitamin A (RAE), Beta Carotene, Vitamin A (IU), Lutein & Zeaxanthin, Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol), Vitamin K (phylloquinone)

  • Flavonoids: Flavone Glycosides

  • Flavanones: Naringenin

  • Flavones: Apigenin, Luteolin

  • Acids: Phenolic, Caffeic acid, mono- and dicaffeoylquinic acid derivatives and chlorogenic acid (mono derivative)

  • Volatile oils: Sesquiterpenes b-selinene and caryophyllene, eugenol, phenylacetaldehyde, decanal, oct-1-en-3-one, hex-1-en-3-one, and non-trans-2-enal.

  • Phytosterols: Taraxasterol and b-taraxasterol, tannins, glycolic and glyceric acids, inulin, enzymes, peroxidases, cynaropicrin and other sesquiterpene lactones

This product is 100% natural and minimally processed. Taste, smell, texture, and color may vary from batch to batch.

Suggested Use: Mix 1g with juice, yogurt, or add to your favorite smoothie up to twice a day.

Mixing suggestion: To increase flavor and nutritional profile combine with our organic milk thistle powder.

Botanical Name: Cynara Scolymus L.

Other Names: Alcachofa, alcaucil, artichaut (French), artichiocco, artichoke, artichoke inulin, artichoke juice, Artischocke (German), artiskok, carciofo, cardo, cardo de comer, cardon d'Espagne, cardoon, chlorogenic acid, Cynara, Cynara cardunculus, Cynara scolymus L., Cynarae folium, cynarin, cynaroside, French artichoke, garden artichoke, Gemuseartischocke (German), golden artichoke.

Parts Used: Artichoke Leaf.

Ingredients: Artichoke Leaf Extract.

Origin: Grown and extracted in China. Packaged with care in Florida, USA.

How to Maintain Optimum Freshness:

  • This product is packaged in airtight stand-up, resealable foil pouches for optimum freshness.
  • Once opened, just push the air out of the pouch before resealing it in order to preserve maximum potency.
  • Keep this product in a cool, dark, dry place.
  • This product is natural and minimally processed.
  • Taste, smell, texture, and color may vary from batch to batch. Go here to learn why our products may naturally vary.

The Important Protections we take to Bring you Safe & Nutritious Superfoods:

Please go here to discover the important steps we take to deliver fresh, quality nutrition.

Bulk Quantities?

Need to order a large quantity of our products? We’d be happy to help! Please contact our Bulk department to discuss the details.

 

References:

1. Ceccarelli N., Curadi M., Picciarelli P., Martelloni L., Sbrana C., Giovannetti M. "Globe artichoke as a functional food" Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 2010 3:3 (197-201)

2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynarine

3. Feifer, Jason (May 2011). "A Matter of Taste". Men's Health 26 (4): 140

4. http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/life-science/nutrition-research/learning-center/plant-profiler/cynara-scolymus.html

5. Metwally, N. S.; Kholeif, T. E.; Ghanem, K. Z.; Farrag, A. R.; Ammar, N. M.; Abdel-Hamid, A. H. (2011). "The protective effects of fish oil and artichoke on hepatocellular carcinoma in rats". European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 15 (12): 1429"“1444. PMID 22288304.

6. http://www.foodtimeline.org/foodfaq.html

7. Juzyszyn, Z.; Czerny, B.; MyÅ›liwiec, Z.; Pawlik, A.; Droździk, M. (2010). "The effect of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) extract on respiratory chain system activity in rat liver mitochondria". Phytotherapy Research 24: S123"“S128. doi:10.1002/ptr.2995. PMID 20091747.

8. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf020792b

9. Kirchhoff, R.; Beckers, C. H.; Kirchhoff, G. M.; Trinczek-Gärtner, H.; Petrowicz, O.; Reimann, H. J. (1994). "Increase in choleresis by means of artichoke extract". Phytomedicine 1 (2): 107"“115. doi:10.1016/S0944-7113(11)80027-9. PMID 23195882.

10. http://www.lef.org/magazine/mag2011/nov2011_the-amazing-artichoke_01.htm

11. Qiang, Z.; Lee, S. O.; Ye, Z.; Wu, X.; Hendrich, S. (2012). "Artichoke Extract Lowered Plasma Cholesterol and Increased Fecal Bile Acids in Golden Syrian Hamsters". Phytotherapy Research 26 (7): 1048"“1052.doi:10.1002/ptr.3698. PMID 22183827.

12. http://www.cactusbotanics.com/Products/Artichoke.htm

13. Englisch, W; Beckers, C; Unkauf, M; Ruepp, M; Zinserling, V (2000). "Efficacy of Artichoke dry extract in patients with hyperlipoproteinemia". Arzneimittel-Forschung 50 (3): 260"“5. doi:10.1055/s-0031-1300196.PMID 10758778.

14. http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CYSC2

15. Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes by Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Extracts

16. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf0200570

17. Cesar G. Fraga. "Plant Phenolics and Human Health"“ Biochemistry, Nutrition and Pharmacology" . Wiley. p.9

18. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf0490192

19. Costabile A, Kolida S, Klinder A, Gietl E, Bäuerlein M, Frohberg C, Landschütze V, Gibson GR "A double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study to establish the 'bifidogenic' effect of a very-long-chain inulin extracted from globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus) in healthy human subjects." Br J Nutr. 2010 Oct;104(7):1007-17

20. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-842-ARTICHOKE.aspx?activeIngredientId=842&activeIngredientName=ARTICHOKE

21. Holtmann G., Adam B., Haag S., Collet W., Grünewald E., Windeck T.,"Efficacy of artichoke leaf extract in the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia: A six-week placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicentre trial."

22. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artichoke

23. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2003 18:11-12 (1099-1105)

24. http://www.doctoroz.com/videos/herbal-healers-artichoke-extract-pt-1

25. Bundy R., Walker A.F., Middleton R.W., Marakis G., Booth J.C.L. "Artichoke leaf extract reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and improves quality of life in otherwise healthy volunteers suffering from concomitant dyspepsia: A subset analysis" Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2004 10:4 (667-669)

26. http://www.lef.org/magazine/mag2011/nov2011_The-Amazing-Artichoke_01.htm

27. Walker A.F., Middleton R.W., Petrowicz O. "Artichoke leaf extract reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in a post-marketing surveillance study" Phytotherapy Research 2001 15:1 (58-61)

28. Available at: http://www.oceanmist.com/health/antioxidant.aspx. Accessed June 20, 2011.

29. Available at: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2004-06/aas-lus061504.php. Accessed June 21, 2011.

30. Grotto D. 101 Foods That Could Save Your Life. New York: Bantam Bell; 2008.

31. Heckers H, Dittmar K, Schmahl FW, Huth K. Inefficiency of cynarin as therapeutic regimen in familial type II hyperlipoproteinaemia. Atherosclerosis. 1977 Feb;26(2):249-53.

32. Bundy R, Walker AF, Middleton RW, Wallis C, Simpson HC. Artichoke leaf extract (Cynara scolymus) reduces plasma cholesterol in otherwise healthy hypercholesterolemic adults: a randomized, double blind placebo controlled trial. Phytomedicine. 2008 Sep;15(9):668-75.

33. Englisch W, Beckers C, Unkauf M, Ruepp M, Zinserling V. Efficacy of Artichoke dry extract in patients with hyperlipoproteinemia. Arzneimittelforschung. 2000 Mar;50(3):260-5.

34. Bundy R, Walker AF, Middleton RW, Marakis G, Booth JC. Artichoke leaf extract reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and improves quality of life in otherwise healthy volunteers suffering from concomitant dyspepsia. J Alter Complement Med. 2004 Aug;10(4):667-9.

35. Available at: http://www.foodforyourhealing.com/foods-for-liver-health/. Accessed June 19, 2011.

36. Nadova S, Miadokova E, Mucaji P, Grancai D, Cipak L. Growth inhibitory effect of ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of Cynara cardunculus L. in leukemia cells involves cell areest, cytochrome c release and activiation of caspases. Phytother Res. 2008 Feb;22(2):165-8.

37. Available at: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/6014908/four_must_eat_foods_to_fight_cancer.html?cat=5. Accessed June 19, 2011.

38. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/farmacy2.pl

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